(Our Homestead Gardens are our identity)
Every Assamese household in rural areas are known for their proud possession of a Bari (Referred to as Homestead Gardens) where few areca nuts/ coconuts and some leafy vegetables that do not demand any care are grown. Vast majority of this area remain unused. In this land shortage era, this area needs to be targeted for production of high income generating crops including vegetables, fruits and spices. SPREAD NE started doing exactly that to usher in an economic movement to develop the land for conservation and production of indigenous nutritious crops of the region organically.
first trained the women farmers on “perma gardening” using resources
like bamboo to make bio intensive raised beds to practice organic
farming through the best use of the garden resources has been
successfully pursued and demonstrated. These beds have been used for
production of horticultural crops like Assam lemon and banana besides
indigenous fruits and vegetables. Indigenous herbs and spices were also
included in the model and to support these activities with needed
organic fertilizer, the beneficiary households were trained on
production of vermi-compost on bamboo-made-vermicomposting tank. Bio-
pesticide making unit facilities were also covered. The seeds were
arranged locally. Inclusion of modern technologies like poly- houses and
micro-irrigation system for “permanent gardening” are on anvil. The
plan of SPREAD- NE is to cover a minimum of 10 villages in each district
with 100 households in each village to promote Farm-tourism and
agripreneurs to connect the villages with city-people/ colleges and
schools and thus spread the concept of Amar Bari Amar Porichay. A
district level Ecological farmer’s Organization is also planned to be
formed with Plant Health Clinics and market led production planning. A
brand of North East Naturals will be created and FPOs formation
- To develop Farm and Food entrepreneurs among Rural youth to stop distress migration of youth from village to urban places through profitable “Bari Unnayan Model”.
- To utilize the potentiality of Assamese homestead garden (Bari) to sustain food and financial security of the rural households.
- To develop low cost ecological farming methods harnessing the complementarities of the resources for less and lesser dependence on off farm inputs and using them optimally to suit ecology balancing.
- To create and also propagate local seeds banks for quality as well as their registration under PPVR & FA, GoI.
- To enter into Poly-Green houses mode of production system encompassing vertical farming methods for optimal space use and round the year production of seasonal crops.